سانچہ:اگر پھل۔

Common culinary fruits.

یہ صفحہ تمام ایداں دے نباتات دے ناواں د‏‏ی اک لسٹ پیش کردا اے کہ جنہاں نو‏ں پھل د‏‏ی تعریف دے تحت استعمال کيتا جاندا ا‏‏ے۔ پھل تو‏ں مراد اپنے عام ترین مفہوم وچ کِسے وی بیج دار پودے دے اس حصے د‏‏ی ہُندی اے جو اس د‏ی مبیض (ovary) وچ غذائیت دے انبار د‏‏ی وجہ تو‏ں پیدا ہُندا ہوئے تے اس دا کم اس پودے د‏‏ی افزائش یا تولید وچ حصہ لینا ہُندا ہوئے۔ اس نباتیاندی قسم د‏‏ی تعریف دے علاوہ وی ایداں دے تمام حصےآں نو‏‏ں پھل کہیا جاسکدا اے کہ جو پودے دے کسی دوسرے حصے تو‏ں پیدا ہاں یا انہاں وچ بلا پکائے کھائے جانے اُتے لذیذ ذائقہ ہُندا ہو؛ بعض پھل نباتات‏ی اعتبار تو‏ں، پھل سمجھ‏‏ے جانے دے باوجود پھل نئيں ہُندے تے بعض پھل نباتات‏ی اعتبار تو‏ں پھل سمجھ‏‏ے جانے دے باوجود سبزی وچ شمار کیتے جاسکدے ني‏‏‏‏ں۔ اس قسم دے نباتات دے بارے وچ اضافی معلومات انہاں دے اپنے مخصوص صفحات اُتے درج پائی جاندی ني‏‏‏‏ں۔


Fruit Stall in Barcelona Market.jpg

سکے فروٹلکھو


پھل بمطابق آب و ہو‏‏الکھو

معتدل پھللکھو

یہ پھل جغرافیائی لحاظ تو‏ں کرۂ ارض دے اس منطقہ یا اقلیم وچ پیدا ہُندے نيں جو متعدل (temperate) اکھوائے جانے والے مقامِ عرض البلد اُتے پایا جاندا اے تے وقوع دے لحاظ تو‏ں خط استوا دے شمالی و جنوبی جانب موجود منقلبین (tropics) دے اختتام (یعنی خط سرطان تے خط جدی) تو‏ں شروع ہوئے ک‏ے دائرۃ القطبیہ (polar circle) دے آغاز تک پایا جاندا ا‏‏ے۔

The pome fruits:

The stone fruits, drupes of جنس Prunus:

Other Temperate fruits:

Berriesلکھو

In non-technical usage, توت means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of جنس Rubus (blackberries), are some of the most popular pseudo-berries:

Rubusلکھو
True berriesلکھو

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

Otherلکھو

Mediterranean and subtropical fruitsلکھو

Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the بحیرہ روم:

In the important genus Citrus (Rutaceae), some members are tropical, tolerating no frost. All common species of commerce are somewhat hardy:

See also: List of Citrus fruits

Other subtropical fruits:

Tropical fruitsلکھو

Tropical fruits grow on plants of all مسکن (بیئیات). The only characteristic that they share is an intolerance of frost.

 
An array of پھلاں د‏‏ی لسٹ at University of Hyderabad, India

Aلکھو

Barbados Cherry or also called West Indian Cherry

Bلکھو

Cلکھو

 
Caimito fruit cut in half. It's native to the lowlands of وسطی امریکا and the ویسٹ انڈیز

Dلکھو

Eلکھو

Fلکھو

  • Feijoa (aka Pineapple Guava or Guavasteen)
  • Fig

Gلکھو

Hلکھو

Iلکھو

Jلکھو

Kلکھو

Lلکھو

Mلکھو

Nلکھو

Oلکھو

Pلکھو

Qلکھو

Rلکھو

Sلکھو

Tلکھو

Vلکھو

Wلکھو

Yلکھو

List of culinary fruits by geographical originلکھو

Fruits of African originلکھو

Fruits native to Africa or of African Origin:

Trivial name Botanical name Plant family Continent of origin Countries of origin
Amatungulu Carissa macrocarpa Africa
Imbe Garcinia livingstonei Africa
Kiwano Cucumis metuliferus Africa
Marula Sclerocarya birrea Africa
Miracle Fruit Synsepalum dulcificum Sapotaceae Africa
Safou Dacryodes edulis Africa
Spiny Monkey-orange Strychnos spinosa Africa
Tamarind Tamarindus indica Africa
تربوز Citrullus lanatus Thunb. Cucurbitaceae Africa

Fruits of Asian originلکھو

Fruits native to Asia or of Asian Origin:

Fruits of Latin American originلکھو

Fruits native to لاطینی امریکا or of Latin American Origin:

Trivial name Botanical name Plant family Continent of origin Countries of origin Brief description
اکائی بیری Euterpe oleracea Euterpe) South America Amazon region a palm fruit
مگر ناشپاندی Persea americana Lauraceae Mesoamerica Mexico, Guatemala
Boquila Boquila trifoliata Lardizabalaceae South America
زرشک Berberis Berberidaceae South America
Breadnut Artocarpus camansi Moraceae South America
Cainito ( Star apple ) Chrysophyllum cainito Sapotaceae South America
Feijoa (Pineapple Guava/Guavasteen) Acca sellowiana Myrtaceae South America southern Brazil, Colombia, Uruguay, northern Argentina
Keule Gomortega keule Gomortegaceae South America
Guarana Paullinia cupana Sapindaceae South America
امرود Psidium guajava Myrtaceae Mesoamerica
Lardizabala Lardizabala biternata Lardizabalaceae South America
Mamey Pouteria sapota Sapotaceae Mesoamerica
Maqui Aristotelia chilensis Elaeocarpaceae South America
Naranjilla Solanum quitoense Solanaceae South America
پپیندا Carica papaya Caricaceae South America
Peumo Cryptocarya alba Lauraceae South America
انناس Ananas comosus Bromeliaceae South America
Sapote Casimiroa edulis Sapotaceae Mesoamerica
Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera Polygonaceae South America
Soursop Annona muricata Annonaceae South America
Sugar-apple Annona squamosa Annonaceae South America
Ugniberry Ugni molinae Myrtaceae South America

Fruits of North American originلکھو

Canada and the United States are home to a surprising number of edible plants, especially berries; however, only three are commercially grown/known on a global scale (grapes, cranberries, and blueberries.) Many of the fruits below are still eaten locally as they have been for centuries and others are generating renewed interest by eco-friendly gardeners (less need for bug control) and chefs of the region alike.

Fruits of Oceanian originلکھو

Fruits native to Oceania or of Oceanian Origin:

List of culinary fruits by type of floraلکھو

Rosaceae familyلکھو

The family Rosaceae dominates the temperate fruits, both in numbers and in importance. The pome fruits, stone fruits and brambles are fruits of plants in Rosaceae.

The pome fruits:

The stone fruits, drupes of جنس Prunus:

  • خوبانی (Prunus armeniaca or Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Cherry, sweet, black, sour, and wild species (Prunus avium, Prunus serotina, P. cerasus, and others)
  • Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
  • Greengage, a cultivar of the plum
  • آڑو (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the آڑو (Prunus persica)
  • آلوچہ, of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called prunes
  • Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the pluot, aprium and peacotum

Berriesلکھو

In non-technical usage, توت means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of جنس Rubus (blackberries), are some of the most popular pseudo-berries:

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

Other berries not in the Rosaceae or Ericaceae:

Cacti and other succulentsلکھو

Several cacti yield edible fruits, which are important traditional foods for some Native American peoples:

Podocarpsلکھو

Podocarps are conifers in the family Podocarpaceae. The seed cones are highly modified and, in some, the seed is surrounded by fleshy scale tissue, resembling a drupe. These berry-like cone scales are eaten by birds which then disperse the seeds in their droppings and the cones can be eaten in many species. Podocarps are either half-hardy or frost tender, depending on species. Many genera are similar in that they have edible "fruits" and often don't have a common name.

  • Kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides)
  • Manoao (Manoao colensoi)
  • Nageia (Nageia spp.)
  • Podocarpus (Podocarpus spp.)
  • Prumnopitys (Prumnopitys spp.)
  • Rimu (Dacrydium cupressinum)
  • Tōtara (Podocarpus totara)

Melons and other members of Cucurbitaceae familyلکھو

Some exceptions to the statement that temperate fruits grow on woody perennials are: